Perkinsus infection is associated with alterations in the level of global DNA methylation of gills and gastrointestinal tract of the oyster Crassostrea gasar

Bivalves are filter feeders that obtain food from seawater that may contain infectious agents, such as the protozoan parasites Perkinsus marinus and P. olseni that are associated with massive mortalities responsible for losses in the aquaculture industry. Despite all physical and chemical barriers, microorganisms cross epithelia and infect host tissues to cause pathologies. Epigenetics mechanisms … Continue reading Perkinsus infection is associated with alterations in the level of global DNA methylation of gills and gastrointestinal tract of the oyster Crassostrea gasar

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Primary culture of Zhikong scallop Chlamys farreri hemocytes as an in vitro model for studying host-pathogen interactions

Primary cultured cells can be a useful tool in studies on physiology, virology, and toxicology. Hemocytes play an important role in animal rapid response to pathogen invasion. In this study, an appropriate medium for primary culture of hemocytes of the bivalve Chlamys farreri was developed by adding 5% fetal bovine serum and 1% C. farreri … Continue reading Primary culture of Zhikong scallop Chlamys farreri hemocytes as an in vitro model for studying host-pathogen interactions

Perspectives in marine aquatic resources and health management

Aquatic resources are now regarded as major contributors to provisioning services that include health-food supply and pharmaceutical products. There are tremendous opportunities to advantageously make use of the rich biodiversity; and the provisioning, regulatory, cultural and supporting services of our seas to meet the emerging demands of humankind. Since biodiversity and ecosystem functioning is inextricably … Continue reading Perspectives in marine aquatic resources and health management

Environmental conditions increase growth rates and mortality of zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha) along the southern invasion front in North America

Environmental conditions found along an invasion front can mediate spread dynamics of an invasive species. Conditions that affect survival and individual growth rates of founder propagules and the first young-of-year generation can have a profound effect on establishment dynamics. Responses of younger, more sensitive individuals to these novel conditions, in part, determine establishment success. The … Continue reading Environmental conditions increase growth rates and mortality of zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha) along the southern invasion front in North America

Genetic signature analysis of Perkinsus marinus in Mexico suggests possible translocation from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific coast of Mexico

  Background The protozoan Perkinsus marinus (Mackin, Owen & Collier) Levine, 1978 causes perkinsosis in the American oyster Crassostrea virginica Gmelin, 1791. This pathogen is present in cultured C. virginica from the Gulf of Mexico and has been reported recently in Saccostrea palmula (Carpenter, 1857), Crassostrea corteziensis (Hertlein, 1951) and Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg, 1793) from … Continue reading Genetic signature analysis of Perkinsus marinus in Mexico suggests possible translocation from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific coast of Mexico

Haplosporidia

Haplosporidian species (phylum Haplosporidia Caullery & Mesnil, 1899) are a small group of four genera of sometimes pathogenic protozoan parasites usually with uninucleated spores. They are widely distributed in marine and freshwater invertebrates, although their status in Africa, much of Eurasia and Central and South America, is largely unknown. They infect molluscs including commercially important … Continue reading Haplosporidia

Distribution of Ostreid herpesvirus-1 (OsHV-1) microvariant in seawater in a recirculating aquaculture system

Ostreid herpesvirus-1 (OsHV-1) microvariant presents a significant threat to the commercial production of Crassostrea gigas worldwide. Investigating the transmission of the virus in the estuarine environment where oysters are grown has proven to be difficult due to the complexity of the ecosystem. The aims of this trial were to (1) investigate the distribution of OsHV-1 … Continue reading Distribution of Ostreid herpesvirus-1 (OsHV-1) microvariant in seawater in a recirculating aquaculture system