Environmental controls of oyster-pathogenic Vibrio spp. in Oregon estuaries and a shellfish hatchery

Vibrio spp. have been a persistent concern for coastal bivalve hatcheries, which are vulnerable to environmental pathogens in seawater used for rearing larvae, yet the biogeochemical drivers of oyster-pathogenic Vibrio in their planktonic state are poorly understood. Here, we present data tracking oyster-pathogenic Vibrio bacteria in Netarts Bay and Yaquina Bay, Oregon, USA, as well … Continue reading Environmental controls of oyster-pathogenic Vibrio spp. in Oregon estuaries and a shellfish hatchery

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Genetic variation in anti-parasite behavior in oysters

Behavioral avoidance of disease-causing parasites provides a first line of defense against the threat of infection. We report that the suspension-feeding oysters Crassostrea virginica respond to the presence of the water-borne parasite Perkinsus marinus by increasing the rate of shell closure and decreasing the clearance of suspended particles from the surrounding seawater. The extent of … Continue reading Genetic variation in anti-parasite behavior in oysters

A Genome-Wide Association Study for Host Resistance to Ostreid Herpesvirus in Pacific Oysters (Crassostrea gigas)

Ostreid herpesvirus (OsHV) can cause mass mortality events in Pacific oyster aquaculture. While various factors impact on the severity of outbreaks, it is clear that genetic resistance of the host is an important determinant of mortality levels. This raises the possibility of selective breeding strategies to improve the genetic resistance of farmed oyster stocks, thereby … Continue reading A Genome-Wide Association Study for Host Resistance to Ostreid Herpesvirus in Pacific Oysters (Crassostrea gigas)

Effects of triclosan on bacterial community composition and Vibrio populations in natural seawater microcosms

Pharmaceuticals and personal care products, including antimicrobials, can be found at trace levels in treated wastewater effluent. Impacts of chemical contaminants on coastal aquatic microbial community structure and pathogen abundance are unknown despite the potential for selection through antimicrobial resistance. In particular, Vibrio, a marine bacterial genus that includes several human pathogens, displays resistance to … Continue reading Effects of triclosan on bacterial community composition and Vibrio populations in natural seawater microcosms

High parasite burden increases the surfacing and mortality of the manila clam (Ruditapes philippinarum) in intertidal sandy mudflats on the west coast of Korea during hot summer

Background Over the past few decades, mass mortality events of Manila clams have been reported from several tidal flats on the west coast of Korea during hot summers. During such mortality events, once clams simultaneously surface, they fail to re-burrow, perishing within a week. The present study aimed to identify the possible causes of the … Continue reading High parasite burden increases the surfacing and mortality of the manila clam (Ruditapes philippinarum) in intertidal sandy mudflats on the west coast of Korea during hot summer

The immune response of Mytilus edulis hemocytes exposed to Vibrio splendidus LGP32 strain: A transcriptomic attempt at identifying molecular actors

The marine mussel Mytilus edulis, tolerant to a wide range of environmental changes, combines a key role as a sentinel species for environmental monitoring programs and a significant economic importance. Mortality events caused by infective agents and parasites have not been described in mussels, which suggests an efficient immune system. This study aims at identifying … Continue reading The immune response of Mytilus edulis hemocytes exposed to Vibrio splendidus LGP32 strain: A transcriptomic attempt at identifying molecular actors

Infection dynamics of a V. splendidus strain pathogenic to Mytilus edulis: In vivo and in vitro interactions with hemocytes

The pathogenic strain V. splendidus 10/068 1T1 has previously been reported for its virulence to the blue mussel and for its capacity to alter immune responses. In this study, we expanded the knowledge on hemocyte-pathogen interactions by using in vitro and in vivo assays. V. splendidus 10/068 1T1 severely inhibited cell adhesion and acidic vacuole formation unlike the innocuous … Continue reading Infection dynamics of a V. splendidus strain pathogenic to Mytilus edulis: In vivo and in vitro interactions with hemocytes