Shellfish aquaculture (in particular oyster cultivation) has the potential to play a significant role in refreshing the coastal economy in the state of Maine (USA). Although ocean warming and acidification are often listed as the primary manifestations of climate change in the marine environment, the issue of expanding geographic ranges of parasites and pathogens is … Continue reading Pathogens of marine bivalves in Maine (USA): A historical perspective
Vibrio spp. have been a persistent concern for coastal bivalve hatcheries, which are vulnerable to environmental pathogens in seawater used for rearing larvae, yet the biogeochemical drivers of oyster-pathogenic Vibrio in their planktonic state are poorly understood. Here, we present data tracking oyster-pathogenic Vibrio bacteria in Netarts Bay and Yaquina Bay, Oregon, USA, as well … Continue reading Environmental controls of oyster-pathogenic Vibrio spp. in Oregon estuaries and a shellfish hatchery
Highlights • Previous studies of housekeeping genes selection in mollusc species were reviewed. • Ten candidate housekeeping genes were assessed in ark shell under given conditions. • RL7 and EF-1a were the most stable genes across tissues in ark shells. • RL15 appeared more stable than others under a variety of given conditions. • 18s … Continue reading Validation of housekeeping genes for quantitative mRNA expression analysis in OsHV-1 infected ark clam, Scapharca broughtonii
An understanding of husbandry strategies and any associated risk factors is important for designing management control measures that can reduce mortality in Pacific oysters, Crassostrea gigas, caused by ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV‐1). The type of culture facility can be considered in relation to the potential pathways that could lead to the entry of a pathogen … Continue reading A literature review as an aid to identify strategies for mitigating ostreid herpesvirus 1 in Crassostrea gigas hatchery and nursery systems
Vibrio coralliilyticus is a bacterial pathogen which can affect a range of marine organisms, such as corals, fish and shellfish, with sometimes devastating consequences. However, little is known about the mechanisms involved in the host-pathogen interaction, especially within molluscan models. We applied gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)-based metabolomics to characterize the physiological responses in haemolymph of … Continue reading Metabolomics study of immune responses of New Zealand Greenshell™ mussels (Perna canaliculus) infected with pathogenic Vibrio sp.
Since 2008, juvenile Crassostrea gigas oysters have suffered from massive mortalities in European farming areas. This disease of complex etiology is still incompletely understood. Triggered by an elevated seawater temperature, it has been associated to infections by a herpes virus named OsHV-1 as well as pathogenic vibrios of the Splendidus clade. Ruling out the complexity … Continue reading Inefficient immune response is associated with microbial permissiveness in juvenile oysters affected by mass mortalities on field
Ocean acidification (OA) and pathogenic diseases pose a considerable threat to key species of marine ecosystem. However, few studies have investigated the combined impact of reduced seawater pH and pathogen challenge on the immune responses of marine invertebrates. In this study, Pacific oysters, Crassostrea gigas, were exposed to OA (~2000 ppm) for 28 days and then challenged … Continue reading CO2-induced ocean acidification impairs the immune function of the Pacific oyster against Vibrio splendidus challenge: An integrated study from a cellular and proteomic perspective