The roles of galectins in parasitic infections

Galectins is a family of multifunctional lectins. Fifteen galectins have been identified from a variety of cells and tissues of vertebrates and invertebrates. Galectins have been shown to play pivotal roles in host–pathogen interaction such as adhesion of pathogens to host cells and activation of host innate and adaptive immunity. In recent years, the roles … Continue reading The roles of galectins in parasitic infections

Advertisements

Comparative population genetic study of an important marine parasite from New Zealand flat oysters

The comparative genetic structure of hosts and parasites can reveal constraints acting on parasite dispersal among host populations and the evolution of local adaptation. We sampled New Zealand flat oysters Ostrea chilensis from 12 sites throughout New Zealand to (1) determine the distribution and prevalence of the haplosporidian parasites Bonamia exitiosa and B. ostreae, and … Continue reading Comparative population genetic study of an important marine parasite from New Zealand flat oysters

Phylogeography and connectivity of molluscan parasites: Perkinsus spp. in Panama and beyond

Panama is a major hub for commercial shipping between two oceans, making it an ideal location to examine parasite biogeography, potential invasions, and the spread of infectious agents. Our goals were to (i) characterise the diversity and genetic connectivity of Perkinsus spp. haplotypes across the Panamanian Isthmus and (ii) combine these data with sequences from … Continue reading Phylogeography and connectivity of molluscan parasites: Perkinsus spp. in Panama and beyond

Parasite infection induces size-dependent host dispersal: consequences for parasite persistence

Host dispersal is now recognized as a key predictor of the landscape-level persistence and expansion of parasites. However, current theories treat post-infection dispersal propensities as a fixed trait, and the plastic nature of host's responses to parasite infection has long been underappreciated. Here, we present a mark–recapture experiment in a single host–parasite system (larval parasites … Continue reading Parasite infection induces size-dependent host dispersal: consequences for parasite persistence

Review of parasites and pathologies of the main bivalve species of commercial interest of Argentina and Uruguay, southwestern Atlantic coast

A systematic review of the parasites and pathologies of the main important commercially bivalve species from Argentina and Uruguay has been done. Bacteria, algae, Perkinsozoa, Haplosporidia, Ciliophora, Apicomplexa, Turbellaria, Trematoda, Cestoda and Nemertea have been found infecting natural populations of bivalve species. Disseminated neoplasia has been recorded in mussels from culture causing gonadal castration and … Continue reading Review of parasites and pathologies of the main bivalve species of commercial interest of Argentina and Uruguay, southwestern Atlantic coast

Perkinsus infection is associated with alterations in the level of global DNA methylation of gills and gastrointestinal tract of the oyster Crassostrea gasar

Bivalves are filter feeders that obtain food from seawater that may contain infectious agents, such as the protozoan parasites Perkinsus marinus and P. olseni that are associated with massive mortalities responsible for losses in the aquaculture industry. Despite all physical and chemical barriers, microorganisms cross epithelia and infect host tissues to cause pathologies. Epigenetics mechanisms … Continue reading Perkinsus infection is associated with alterations in the level of global DNA methylation of gills and gastrointestinal tract of the oyster Crassostrea gasar

Survey of bivalve molluscs for Bonamia spp. and other parasitic pathogens in Florida east coast lagoons

A 2007 study of Suminoe (Crassostrea ariakensis) and eastern (Crassostrea virginica) oysters exposed to Indian River Lagoon (IRL), Florida waters revealed the presence of Bonamia spp. in exposed oysters. In 2010, a survey of oysters and other bivalves (n = 721, 18 species) was conducted in the southern IRL (10 sites) and in the more … Continue reading Survey of bivalve molluscs for Bonamia spp. and other parasitic pathogens in Florida east coast lagoons