Haplosporidia

Haplosporidian species (phylum Haplosporidia Caullery & Mesnil, 1899) are a small group of four genera of sometimes pathogenic protozoan parasites usually with uninucleated spores. They are widely distributed in marine and freshwater invertebrates, although their status in Africa, much of Eurasia and Central and South America, is largely unknown. They infect molluscs including commercially important … Continue reading Haplosporidia

First haplosporidan parasite reported infecting a member of the Superfamily Pinnoidea (Pinna nobilis) during a mortality event in Alicante (Spain, Western Mediterranean)

Several stages of a haplosporidan parasite, including spores, were detected infecting three out of four specimens of the Pen Shell Pinna nobilis from the coast of Alicante (Western Mediterranean). A mortality event initiated few weeks before the sampling. The infection was systemic in the connective tissue, with free uni-nucleate stages and early plasmodia, whereas sporulation … Continue reading First haplosporidan parasite reported infecting a member of the Superfamily Pinnoidea (Pinna nobilis) during a mortality event in Alicante (Spain, Western Mediterranean)

Parasitism by a Digenea in Lucina pectinata (Mollusca: Lucinidae)

Lucina pectinata is an important economic resource in the Brazilian coast. This study reports parasitism caused by a Digenea in this species. The specimens (n = 470) were collected in December 2012 in a mangrove swamp of the Cachoeira River estuary, Bahia, Brazil. They were measured along the anterior-posterior axis (length), and after macroscopic analysis … Continue reading Parasitism by a Digenea in Lucina pectinata (Mollusca: Lucinidae)

Effect of infection with Metacercariae of Himasthla elongata (Trematoda: Echinostomatidae) on cardiac activity and growth rate in blue mussels (Mytilus edulis) in situ

Trematode parasites can affect their molluscan hosts, which serve as the first intermediate hosts in their life cycles, in manifold ways, but little is known about trematode-induced effects on their second intermediate hosts. Experimental infection of blue mussels Mytilus edulis serving as second intermediate hosts for larval stages (metacercariae) of the trematodes Himasthla elongata was … Continue reading Effect of infection with Metacercariae of Himasthla elongata (Trematoda: Echinostomatidae) on cardiac activity and growth rate in blue mussels (Mytilus edulis) in situ

Seasonal variation of transcriptomic and biochemical parameters of cockles (Cerastoderma edule) related to their infection by trematode parasites

Bivalve populations are controlled by several biotic and abiotic factors. Parasitism is among the biotic factors but is often neglected. In the present study, we focused on the transcriptomic and biochemical responses of Cerastoderma edule when parasitized as first intermediate host by the trematode Bucephalus minimus (sporocyst, the most damaging stage), and taking into account … Continue reading Seasonal variation of transcriptomic and biochemical parameters of cockles (Cerastoderma edule) related to their infection by trematode parasites

Flat oyster parasite found at Stewart Island

Cawthron Institute scientists are well-placed to respond to the discovery of Bonamia ostreae at oyster farms on Stewart Island. Bonamia ostreae is a parasite that poses substantial threat to flat oysters, and this afternoon the Ministry of Primary Industries (MPI) confirmed they have detected it at two Stewart Island farms. Cawthron Institute Aquaculture Group Manager, … Continue reading Flat oyster parasite found at Stewart Island

Periwinkles and parasites: the occurrence and phenotypic effects of parasites in Littorina saxatilis and L. arcana in northeastern England

Littorina saxatilis is a common intertidal gastropod on shores of the North Atlantic, and an important study species for evolutionary investigations. Its congener L. arcana is much less widely distributed, but both species are common at Old Peak, Yorkshire, UK. The parasite profiles of L. saxatilis and L. arcana from this shore were determined histologically, … Continue reading Periwinkles and parasites: the occurrence and phenotypic effects of parasites in Littorina saxatilis and L. arcana in northeastern England