The oyster immunity

Oysters, the common name for a number of different bivalve molluscs, are the worldwide aquaculture species and also play vital roles in the function of ecosystem. As invertebrate, oysters have evolved an integrated, highly complex innate immune system to recognize and eliminate various invaders via an array of orchestrated immune reactions, such as immune recognition, … Continue reading The oyster immunity

Identifying the cause of Oyster Oedema Disease (OOD) in pearl oysters (Pinctada maxima), and developing diagnostic tests for OOD

The goal of this project was to investigate the cause of oyster oedema disease (OOD) in Australian pearl oysters so that diagnostic tests and management practices for the disease can be developed. OOD has been associated with mortalities in some pearl oyster farming areas. However, the cause of these mortalities has remained unknown, hampering efforts … Continue reading Identifying the cause of Oyster Oedema Disease (OOD) in pearl oysters (Pinctada maxima), and developing diagnostic tests for OOD

Mass selection for survival and resistance to OsHV-1 infection in Crassostrea gigas spat in field conditions: response to selection after four generations

The ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1) is one of the major pathogens affecting the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas, and numerous mortality outbreaks have been observed worldwide. We report the first results of our experimental breeding program using mass selection focused on survival and resistance to OsHV-1 after four generations of selection for two lines. These lines … Continue reading Mass selection for survival and resistance to OsHV-1 infection in Crassostrea gigas spat in field conditions: response to selection after four generations

Distribution of Ostreid herpesvirus-1 (OsHV-1) microvariant in seawater in a recirculating aquaculture system

Ostreid herpesvirus-1 (OsHV-1) microvariant presents a significant threat to the commercial production of Crassostrea gigas worldwide. Investigating the transmission of the virus in the estuarine environment where oysters are grown has proven to be difficult due to the complexity of the ecosystem. The aims of this trial were to (1) investigate the distribution of OsHV-1 … Continue reading Distribution of Ostreid herpesvirus-1 (OsHV-1) microvariant in seawater in a recirculating aquaculture system

Detection of Ostreid herpesvirus-1 microvariants in healthy Crassostrea gigas following disease events and their possible role as reservoirs of infection

Ostreid herpesvirus-1 microvariants (OsHV-1) cause severe mortalities in farmed Crassostrea gigas in Europe, New Zealand and Australia. Outbreaks are seasonal, recurring in the warmer months of the year in endemic estuaries. The reference genotype and microvariant genotypes of OsHV-1 have been previously detected in the tissues of apparently healthy adult oysters naturally exposed to OsHV-1 … Continue reading Detection of Ostreid herpesvirus-1 microvariants in healthy Crassostrea gigas following disease events and their possible role as reservoirs of infection

Flat oyster parasite found at Stewart Island

Cawthron Institute scientists are well-placed to respond to the discovery of Bonamia ostreae at oyster farms on Stewart Island. Bonamia ostreae is a parasite that poses substantial threat to flat oysters, and this afternoon the Ministry of Primary Industries (MPI) confirmed they have detected it at two Stewart Island farms. Cawthron Institute Aquaculture Group Manager, … Continue reading Flat oyster parasite found at Stewart Island

Effects of cyanobacteria Synechocystis spp. in the host-parasite model Crassostrea gasar-Perkinsus marinus

Perkinsosis is a disease caused by protozoan parasites from the Perkinsus genus. In Brazil, two species, P. beihaiensis and P. marinus, are frequently found infecting native oysters (Crassostrea gasar and C. rhizophorae) from cultured and wild populations in several states of the Northeast region. The impacts of this disease in bivalves from Brazil, as well … Continue reading Effects of cyanobacteria Synechocystis spp. in the host-parasite model Crassostrea gasar-Perkinsus marinus