Parasite infection induces size-dependent host dispersal: consequences for parasite persistence

Host dispersal is now recognized as a key predictor of the landscape-level persistence and expansion of parasites. However, current theories treat post-infection dispersal propensities as a fixed trait, and the plastic nature of host's responses to parasite infection has long been underappreciated. Here, we present a mark–recapture experiment in a single host–parasite system (larval parasites … Continue reading Parasite infection induces size-dependent host dispersal: consequences for parasite persistence

Advertisements

Infection dynamics of a V. splendidus strain pathogenic to Mytilus edulis: In vivo and in vitro interactions with hemocytes

The pathogenic strain V. splendidus 10/068 1T1 has previously been reported for its virulence to the blue mussel and for its capacity to alter immune responses. In this study, we expanded the knowledge on hemocyte-pathogen interactions by using in vitro and in vivo assays. V. splendidus 10/068 1T1 severely inhibited cell adhesion and acidic vacuole formation unlike the innocuous … Continue reading Infection dynamics of a V. splendidus strain pathogenic to Mytilus edulis: In vivo and in vitro interactions with hemocytes

Metabolomic applications in marine mollusc development and aquaculture

Metabolomics is a rapidly emerging discipline within functional genomics to better understand biochemical phenotypes across a range of biological systems. The approach has many demonstrated applications in aquatic biology, but has not yet been applied to study early lifestages of marine molluscs. This Thesis evaluates metabolomics as an approach to characterise early lifestage phenotypes of … Continue reading Metabolomic applications in marine mollusc development and aquaculture

Ocean acidification and pathogen exposure modulate the immune response of the edible mussel Mytilus chilensis

Ocean acidification (OA) is one of the main consequences of increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2), impacting key biological processes of marine organisms such as development, growth and immune response. However, there are scarce studies on the influence of OA on marine invertebrates' ability to cope with pathogens. This study evaluated the single and combined effects … Continue reading Ocean acidification and pathogen exposure modulate the immune response of the edible mussel Mytilus chilensis

Comparative 16SrDNA Gene-Based Microbiota Profiles of the Pacific Oyster (Crassostrea gigas) and the Mediterranean Mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis) from a Shellfish Farm (Ligurian Sea, Italy)

The pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas and the Mediterranean mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis are two widely farmed bivalve species which show contrasting behaviour in relation to microbial diseases, with C. gigas being more susceptible and M. galloprovincialis being generally resistant. In a recent study, we showed that different susceptibility to infection exhibited by these two bivalve species … Continue reading Comparative 16SrDNA Gene-Based Microbiota Profiles of the Pacific Oyster (Crassostrea gigas) and the Mediterranean Mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis) from a Shellfish Farm (Ligurian Sea, Italy)

Effect of dose and frequency of exposure to infectious stages on trematode infection intensity and success in mussels

Marine parasites such as trematodes often compromise the fitness of their hosts. Such effects are generally considered to be density-dependent, i.e. the greater the infection intensity in the host, the greater the detrimental impact on host fitness. However, the mechanisms determining infection in marine hosts are still poorly understood. Here, we investigated the effect of … Continue reading Effect of dose and frequency of exposure to infectious stages on trematode infection intensity and success in mussels

Necrotic disease in bivalve larval cultures

The health of marine bivalve larvae is greatly affected by bacteria in the environment particularly when reared in marine hatcheries. This is generally because high stocking densities resulting in high organic loads of both food and faeces, can support increased bacterial growth and biomass levels. Increased bacterial load can lead to larval disease referred to … Continue reading Necrotic disease in bivalve larval cultures