Temperature modulate disease susceptibility of the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas and virulence of the Ostreid herpesvirus type 1

Temperature triggers marine diseases by changing host susceptibility and pathogen virulence. Oyster mortalities associated with the Ostreid herpesvirus type 1 (OsHV-1) have occurred seasonally in Europe when the seawater temperature range reaches 16–24 °C. Here we assess how temperature modulates oyster susceptibility to OsHV-1 and pathogen virulence. Oysters were injected with OsHV-1 suspension incubated at 21 °C, … Continue reading Temperature modulate disease susceptibility of the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas and virulence of the Ostreid herpesvirus type 1

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Analysis of farm management strategies following herpesvirus (OsHV-1) disease outbreaks in Pacific oysters in Tasmania, Australia

The microvariant genotype of Ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1 μVar) has severely disrupted oyster production in Europe, New Zealand, and Australia by causing repeated and seasonal outbreaks of mass mortality in Pacific oysters (Magallana gigas). The virus was first detected in Tasmania, Australia, in January 2016, and mortalities of up to 87% were reported (de Kantzow et … Continue reading Analysis of farm management strategies following herpesvirus (OsHV-1) disease outbreaks in Pacific oysters in Tasmania, Australia

Histological alterations in Pacific oysters Crassostrea gigas that survived a summer mortality event in Baja California, Mexico

A mortality episode (>90%) of triploid and diploid Pacific oysters Crassostrea gigas cultured in Baja California Sur occurred during summer 2012, coinciding with a thermal anomaly, an algal bloom, and low oxygen values. To help explain the cause of the mortalities, histological analyses and molecular tests for specific pathogens (ostreid herpesvirus 1 [OsHV‐1] and Perkinsus … Continue reading Histological alterations in Pacific oysters Crassostrea gigas that survived a summer mortality event in Baja California, Mexico

A literature review as an aid to identify strategies for mitigating ostreid herpesvirus 1 in Crassostrea gigas hatchery and nursery systems

An understanding of husbandry strategies and any associated risk factors is important for designing management control measures that can reduce mortality in Pacific oysters, Crassostrea gigas, caused by ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV‐1). The type of culture facility can be considered in relation to the potential pathways that could lead to the entry of a pathogen … Continue reading A literature review as an aid to identify strategies for mitigating ostreid herpesvirus 1 in Crassostrea gigas hatchery and nursery systems

Inefficient immune response is associated with microbial permissiveness in juvenile oysters affected by mass mortalities on field

Since 2008, juvenile Crassostrea gigas oysters have suffered from massive mortalities in European farming areas. This disease of complex etiology is still incompletely understood. Triggered by an elevated seawater temperature, it has been associated to infections by a herpes virus named OsHV-1 as well as pathogenic vibrios of the Splendidus clade. Ruling out the complexity … Continue reading Inefficient immune response is associated with microbial permissiveness in juvenile oysters affected by mass mortalities on field

Both age and size influence susceptibility of Pacific oysters (Crassostrea gigas) to disease caused by Ostreid herpesvirus-1 (OsHV-1) in replicated field and laboratory experiments

Highlights • Plasticity in the size-age relationship of C. gigas enables each factor to influence susceptibility to OsHV-1. • Larger C. gigas had 2-fold higher survival of OsHV-1 compared to smaller individuals grown under the same farming conditions. • Groups of small and large C. gigas at 8 and 17 months were differentiated by growing … Continue reading Both age and size influence susceptibility of Pacific oysters (Crassostrea gigas) to disease caused by Ostreid herpesvirus-1 (OsHV-1) in replicated field and laboratory experiments

Impacts of predators, habitat, recruitment, and disease on soft-shell clams Mya arenaria and stout razor clams Tagelus plebeius in Chesapeake Bay

Soft-shell clams, Mya arenaria, and razor clams, Tagelus plebeius, in Chesapeake Bay have declined since the 1970s, with severe declines since the 1990s. These declines are likely caused by multiple factors including warming, predation, habitat loss, recruitment limitation, disease, and harvesting. A bivalve survey in Chesapeake Bay examined influential factors on bivalve populations, focusing on … Continue reading Impacts of predators, habitat, recruitment, and disease on soft-shell clams Mya arenaria and stout razor clams Tagelus plebeius in Chesapeake Bay