Haplosporidia

Haplosporidian species (phylum Haplosporidia Caullery & Mesnil, 1899) are a small group of four genera of sometimes pathogenic protozoan parasites usually with uninucleated spores. They are widely distributed in marine and freshwater invertebrates, although their status in Africa, much of Eurasia and Central and South America, is largely unknown. They infect molluscs including commercially important … Continue reading Haplosporidia

First haplosporidan parasite reported infecting a member of the Superfamily Pinnoidea (Pinna nobilis) during a mortality event in Alicante (Spain, Western Mediterranean)

Several stages of a haplosporidan parasite, including spores, were detected infecting three out of four specimens of the Pen Shell Pinna nobilis from the coast of Alicante (Western Mediterranean). A mortality event initiated few weeks before the sampling. The infection was systemic in the connective tissue, with free uni-nucleate stages and early plasmodia, whereas sporulation … Continue reading First haplosporidan parasite reported infecting a member of the Superfamily Pinnoidea (Pinna nobilis) during a mortality event in Alicante (Spain, Western Mediterranean)

Parasitism by a Digenea in Lucina pectinata (Mollusca: Lucinidae)

Lucina pectinata is an important economic resource in the Brazilian coast. This study reports parasitism caused by a Digenea in this species. The specimens (n = 470) were collected in December 2012 in a mangrove swamp of the Cachoeira River estuary, Bahia, Brazil. They were measured along the anterior-posterior axis (length), and after macroscopic analysis … Continue reading Parasitism by a Digenea in Lucina pectinata (Mollusca: Lucinidae)

Effect of infection with Metacercariae of Himasthla elongata (Trematoda: Echinostomatidae) on cardiac activity and growth rate in blue mussels (Mytilus edulis) in situ

Trematode parasites can affect their molluscan hosts, which serve as the first intermediate hosts in their life cycles, in manifold ways, but little is known about trematode-induced effects on their second intermediate hosts. Experimental infection of blue mussels Mytilus edulis serving as second intermediate hosts for larval stages (metacercariae) of the trematodes Himasthla elongata was … Continue reading Effect of infection with Metacercariae of Himasthla elongata (Trematoda: Echinostomatidae) on cardiac activity and growth rate in blue mussels (Mytilus edulis) in situ

Bacteriophage therapy for the control of Vibrio harveyi in greenlip abalone (Haliotis laevigata)

Bacteriophage therapy has demonstrated promising results towards the control of bacterial infections within the aquaculture industry as an alternative therapy to antibiotics. This current research describes the efficacy of bacteriophage therapy in controlling vibriosis within abalone (Haliotis laevigata). Two bacteriophages were isolated and used in in vitro assays to determine the effect of each specific … Continue reading Bacteriophage therapy for the control of Vibrio harveyi in greenlip abalone (Haliotis laevigata)

Ancient DNA analysis identifies marine mollusc shells as new metagenomic archives of the past

Marine mollusc shells enclose a wealth of information on coastal organisms and their environment. Their life history traits as well as (palaeo-) environmental conditions, including temperature, food availability, salinity and pollution, can be traced through the analysis of their shell (micro-) structure and biogeochemical composition. Adding to this list, the DNA entrapped in shell carbonate … Continue reading Ancient DNA analysis identifies marine mollusc shells as new metagenomic archives of the past

Epipodial tentacle gene expression and predetermined resilience to summer mortality in the commercially important greenlip Abalone, Haliotis laevigata

“Summer mortality” is a phenomenon that occurs during warm water temperature spikes that results in the mass mortality of many ecologically and economically important mollusks such as abalone. This study aimed to determine whether the baseline gene expression of abalone before a laboratory-induced summer mortality event was associated with resilience to summer mortality. Tentacle transcriptomes … Continue reading Epipodial tentacle gene expression and predetermined resilience to summer mortality in the commercially important greenlip Abalone, Haliotis laevigata