The RNA-seq analysis suggests a potential multi-component complement system in oyster Crassostrea gigas

The complement system is one of the major effector mechanisms of immune system, playing essential roles in both the innate and adaptive immune responses. In the present study, the counterparts of vertebrate complement components were identified by screening the sequenced genome of Crassostrea gigas, resulting in the identification of 792 gene models containing complement-related domains. … Continue reading The RNA-seq analysis suggests a potential multi-component complement system in oyster Crassostrea gigas

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Comparative and evolutionary analysis of an adapter molecule MyD88 in invertebrate metazoans

The myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) is an essential adapter in Toll-like receptor (TLR) signalling pathways, with TLR the first pattern-recognition receptor (PRR) that was discovered in Drosophila. In the present study, a MyD88 gene was identified and characterized from a commercially important shellfish, Scapharca subcrenata, including a DEATH domain and TIR domain conserved within … Continue reading Comparative and evolutionary analysis of an adapter molecule MyD88 in invertebrate metazoans

Complete genome sequence of vibrio coralliilyticus 58, isolated from Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) larvae

We report here the complete genome of Vibrio coralliilyticus strain 58, which was originally isolated from inactive Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) larvae in Japan. The assembled genome consisted of two chromosomes and one plasmid. These data will provide valuable information and important insights into the biodiversity of this organism. Hyoun Joong Kim, Ji Hyung Kim, Jin Woo Jun and al., Genome … Continue reading Complete genome sequence of vibrio coralliilyticus 58, isolated from Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) larvae

Molecular characterization of Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) IRAK4 gene and its role in MyD88-dependent pathway

Interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinases (IRAKs) play important roles in MyD88-dependent TLR signaling, the crucial innate immune pathway in molluscs. In this study, we examined the full-length IRAK4 genetic sequence in the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) by molecular cloning. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that CgIRAK4 is most closely related to Mytilus edulis, and forms a clade with other molluscs. CgIRAK4 transcripts are widely … Continue reading Molecular characterization of Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) IRAK4 gene and its role in MyD88-dependent pathway

Comparative 16SrDNA Gene-Based Microbiota Profiles of the Pacific Oyster (Crassostrea gigas) and the Mediterranean Mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis) from a Shellfish Farm (Ligurian Sea, Italy)

The pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas and the Mediterranean mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis are two widely farmed bivalve species which show contrasting behaviour in relation to microbial diseases, with C. gigas being more susceptible and M. galloprovincialis being generally resistant. In a recent study, we showed that different susceptibility to infection exhibited by these two bivalve species … Continue reading Comparative 16SrDNA Gene-Based Microbiota Profiles of the Pacific Oyster (Crassostrea gigas) and the Mediterranean Mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis) from a Shellfish Farm (Ligurian Sea, Italy)

Mining and identification of SNP markers associated with growth traits in the clam Meretrix meretrix

Selecting fast-growing strains is the most common objective of genetic breeding programs. In this study, we sought to mine the growth-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the commercially cultured clam Meretrix meretrix by candidate gene association analysis. Fifty potentially growth-associated contigs based on their functional annotation were chosen as candidates from our EST database, and … Continue reading Mining and identification of SNP markers associated with growth traits in the clam Meretrix meretrix

Ancient DNA analysis identifies marine mollusc shells as new metagenomic archives of the past

Marine mollusc shells enclose a wealth of information on coastal organisms and their environment. Their life history traits as well as (palaeo-) environmental conditions, including temperature, food availability, salinity and pollution, can be traced through the analysis of their shell (micro-) structure and biogeochemical composition. Adding to this list, the DNA entrapped in shell carbonate … Continue reading Ancient DNA analysis identifies marine mollusc shells as new metagenomic archives of the past