Infections with Ostreid herpesvirus 1 (OsHV-1) microvariants in young Pacific oysters are associated with massive mortality events and significant economic losses. Previous studies, focusing on few regions of the genome, have revealed the genomic diversity of these genotypes with respect to the reference type. We used a NGS process to sequence the whole genome of the OsHV-1 µVar in infected individuals, collected during mortality events in France and Ireland. The final genome length of OsHV-1 µVar was approximately 205 kbp, shorter than the reference genotype and the overall genome organisation resembled herpes simplex viruses. 94.4% similarity was observed with the OsHV-1 reference genotype. Large indels, including five deletions and three insertions were found to induce the loss and the addition of several ORFs, summed with codon substitutions in 64% of genes shared with the reference type. This diversity raises the question of the exact origin and evolution of OsHV-1 µVar.
E.A.V. Burioli, M. Prearo, M. Houssin, Virology, Volume 509, September 2017, Pages 239–251