The mussel Mytilus edulis L. as an important reservoir of infectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHHNV)

Infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis virus (IHHNV) is a shrimp pathogen that causes disease and consequently has a negative impact on the shrimp acquaculture economy. The IHHNV was first isolated in Hawaii in the early 1980s (Lightner, Redman & Bell 1983; Lightner, Redman, Bell & Brock 1983), and the virus is now recognized as one of the most prevalent shrimp pathogens (Dhar, Robles-Sikisaka, Saksmerprome & Lakshman 2014). The IHHNV infection causes mortality with a prevalence of up to 90% in cultured Litopenaeus stylirostris postlarvae and juveniles. The IHHNV is not lethal in Penaeus monodon or Litopenaeus vannamei, but causes runt deformity syndrome (RDS) in the latter (Kalagayan, Godin, Kanna, Hagino, Sweeny, Wyban & Brock 1991; Browdy, Holloway, King, Stokes, Hopkins & Sandifer 1993). A point of great concern is that IHHNV has spread to almost all shrimp farming areas and has brought enormous economic losses to farmers. (…)

Yong-Wei Wei, Dong-Dong Fan, Jiong Chen, Aquaculture Research, Volume 48, Issue 3, March 2017, Pages 1346–1350

The article

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